Pigmentation or hyperpigmentation are skin conditions that many people have experienced in their lives. It includes any form of skin discolouration — brown spots, hormonal pigmentation and freckles, for example.
So, that sweet little smattering of freckles across your nose or on your cheeks is actually pigmentation! It’s nothing to worry about, but some people are more prone to it than others and, as you get older, pigmentation increases.
If you have freckly skin, you might find that as you age, you get larger marks on your body — particularly on your hands, arms and legs. These are known as age spots, brown spots or solar spots. Some people prefer to have these spots removed. At BeauSynergy skin clinic in Brookmans Park, we have the most advanced technology and experienced professionals to make this happen if you long for clearer, even-toned skin.
Simply put, pigmentation is patches of skin that are darker than your natural skin colour. The reason it happens is because of melanin stimulation inside your body.
Pigmentation is more likely to happen when it’s hot or when your skin is exposed to the sun, but some people have more melanocytes in their body than others, which produce melanin. Pigmentation is something that can happen to any skin type but is often more prevalent on fair skin.
Hyperpigmentation is a more noticeable form of pigmentation. While it is completely harmless, hyperpigmentation creates patches of skin, rather than spots, that are darker than your skin colour. This occurs when there is an excess of melanin that forms a deposit on the skin.
Before considering pigmentation treatment from our clinic near St Albans, It’s worth understanding what type of pigmentation your skin is displaying.
The sun is the biggest factor in pigmentation, and when you go on a sunny holiday or spend time outside in the baking heat, skin is exposed to high levels of ultraviolet (UV) rays.
UV rays cause inflammation and therefore encourage pigmentation. Those freckles are the result of sun damage, as are age spots, so always wear good-quality, high sun protection factor (SPF) sunscreen when you’re out in the sun. We recommend a minimum of factor 30. Pigmentation can start at any age, but it is often brought on when first exposed to the sun.
The sun is certainly not the only reason why pigmentation occurs, however, and some people are just more likely to produce high levels of melanin than others. Even factor 30 sunscreen won’t stop freckles forming in many cases — especially if they are hereditary, which freckles normally are. However, a good sunscreen, such as the Heliocare products stocked at BeauSynergy, will help prevent aggravating the condition.
Women over the age of 40 may well experience pigmentation as hormonal changes start to take place. Pigmentation is one of the symptoms of menopause and also often occurs in pregnancy. Sometimes, GPs prescribe hormone-based medication and a side-effect can be skin discolouration. Other causes include skin injuries; even acne can cause pigmentation.
There are things you can do to slow down pigmentation, but if your skin is prone to it, then it’s difficult to stop it in its tracks without professional pigmentation removal treatment. In the meantime, here are a couple of tips to limit the symptoms:
Consulting a recommended team of experts, such as those at BeauSynergy skin and beauty clinic in Hertfordshire, is the first step to removing pigmentation. Our highly trained skin technicians will analyse your skin type and the depth of the problem, before advising on a suitable course of treatment.
CryoPen is a superb IPL laser used by the BeauSynergy team, which works to remove most brown spots. CryoPen uses nitrous oxide to freeze the pigmented area for up to 30 seconds. The process carefully disrupts the skin’s membrane which starts the healing process. Slight itchiness after the treatment is common, but the treatment is not uncomfortable and produces immediate results. CryoPen treatment is an excellent option for hyperpigmentation and is extremely accurate.
Another alternative is to have a course of chemical peels which contain glycolic and salicylic acids, both of which are excellent for skin renewal. There is a period of downtime after a chemical peel as skin is aggravated during treatment, so it’s best to book this skin treatment in Hatfield when you have nothing important in your diary.