What are the Different Skin Types?
As a skin clinic in Hertfordshire we perform a large number of skin consultations and analysis. We are therefore asked, “what are the diffent skin types”?. From the consultations that we can determine the skin type of our clients. By understanding the skin type it allows us to determine which skin treatment may well be best for our clients to help resolve their own skin concerns or worries. We have listed here the most common skin types.
It is very rare to find normal skin. Normal skin has a clear fresh appearance, rarely develops blemishes and has an even pore size. There is no evidence of lining or flaking, indicating a well moisturised skin.
Normal skin is characterised by:
- Even texture and pores
- Feels firm to touch
- Texture is even
- Elasticity is good and skin is free from spots or blemishes
- Moisture content is good
- Colour is pink because of good circulation
- No evidence of lining or flaking
Dry skin is caused by insufficient secretions of sebum, which is the skin’s natural oil that keeps the skin soft and supple. Insufficient sebum causes the skin to become flaky and dry to the touch and it will feel dry and tight especially after washing.
Dry skin ages rapidly and can be identified by fine lines around the eyes, mouth and neck, which is caused by poor elasticity.
Dry skin is aggravated by dry atmospheric conditions, harsh weather, poor diet and harsh skin care routines.
Dry skin is characterised by:
- Small tight pores
- Flaky skin
- Redness, uneven pigmentation and visible dry patches
- Fine texture and skin looks thin
- Tendency to sensitivity shown by broken capillaries
- Signs of premature ageing are common, especially around eyes, mouth and neck.
Sensitive skin can be caused by dry skin that has been either neglected or treated harshly, or reactions to foods or cosmetics.
Sensitive skin is characterised by:
- Redness on touch
- Broken capillaries, especially on the cheeks
- Feels tight and uncomfortable on application of products (in extreme cases burning and instant rashes are experienced)*
- High colouring
- Feels warm to touch
- Superficial flaking
- Black skins turn darker if they are sensitive
For sensitive skin, we would be advising you to avoid ingredients such as Beeswax, Wheatgerm Oil, Rose and Hip Seed Oil. These ingredients can suffocate sensitive and reactive skin if they are used in higher portions.
Oily skin is caused by an over secretion of sebum, so anything that over stimulates the sebaceous glands (oil glands) should be avoided. For instance:
- Excessive cleansing or handling the skin
- Poor diet
Oily skin easily collects debris and in severe cases lead to cysts and pustules that are found in cases of acne vulgaris.
Oily skin is characterised by:
- Shiny patches
- Large open pores
- Coarse skin texture
- Sallow skin caused by sebum holding dead cells on surface
- Blocked pores leading to comedones (blackheads)
- Good skin tone caused by grease protecting skin from dryness
- High moisture content
Almost everyone over the age of 25 years has mature skin. As the skin ages it becomes dry because the glands are less active and it loses its elasticity.
The epidermis grows more slowly and so becomes thinner and facial contours change as muscle tone is lost.
Blood circulates more slowly, therefore nutrients are not as available so new skin cells are replenished less often.
In the same way, waste products are removed more slowly, therefore the skin can look puffy due to water retention.
Mature skin is characterised by:
- Puffiness under the skin
- Dark circles under the eyes
- Hair growth on upper lip and chin that darkens with age
Dehydration is caused by insufficient moisture in the skin and can affect any skin type.
It may be caused by illness, excessive sweating, drastic dieting, not drinking enough water or air conditioning.
Dehydrated skin is characterised by:
- Fine superficial lines
- Fine ‘orange peel’ effect
- Broken capillaries
Combination skin is characterised by:
- A T-shape of oily skin that crosses the forehead and runs down the side of the nose and onto the chin
- The pores within the T zone are larger than elsewhere on the face
- A sheen across the forehead, on the sides of the nose and on the chin
- A tendency to congestion of the pores within the T zone
- The skin outside the T zone may be normal or dry
BeauSynergy are a leading Cosmetic Skin Care company based in Hatfield, Hertfordshire and serving clients from all over the UK. They are available for online and physical consultations following a booked appointment on 01707 662477 or firstname.lastname@example.org